Canada’s Renewable Power Landscape 2017 – Energy Market Analysis

A view of Chateau Frontenac in Quebec City on a sunny day

Quebec

Quebec generated 99.8% of its electricity from renewable sources in 2016, and had the highest percentage of renewable generation in Canada. Hydro was the primary source of Quebec’s electricity, accounting for 95.2% of generation. Wind and biomass were Quebec’s next largest electricity sources.

Generation Trends

Quebec produced 95.2% of its electricity from hydro in 2016, similar to generation shares in 2005. Wind generation increased significantly, from 0.2% in 2005 to 3.6% in 2016. With 7 360 GW.h of wind generation in 2016, Quebec had the second highest wind generation in Canada, after Ontario.

Rural communities in northern Quebec that are not connected to the grid rely on diesel and oil for power generation. This accounted for about 0.2% of generation in 2016. Quebec ceased nuclear generation in 2012 when the Gentilly-2 Nuclear Generating Station was shut down.

Capacity Changes in 2016

Quebec added wind, hydro, and biomass capacity totaling an estimated 502 MW in 2016. The largest wind farms were the Rivière du Moulin and the Mont-Rothery farms.

Hydro-Québec added approximately 185 MW of hydro capacity in 2016 with the completion of Romaine 1. This is the first in a series of hydro facilities constituting the Romaine Complex on the St. Lawrence River.

More Information

Canada’s Renewable Power Landscape 2016 – Energy Market Analysis provides additional information on renewable power in Quebec.

FIGURE 17 Electricity Generation by Source in Quebec

Figure 17
Description

This graph shows the composition of Quebec’s electricity generation between 2005 and 2016. On average, hydro accounted for 95.9% of generation. Wind increased from 0.2% in 2005 to 3.6% in 2016. Biomass increased from 0.4% to 1.0%. Nuclear power dropped from 2.4% to zero in 2012. Natural gas, oil and diesel accounted for about 0.2% in 2016.

TABLE 7 Electric Capacity and Generation in Quebec

  Capacity in MW and % Generation in GW.h and %
  2005 2015 2016 2005 2015 2016
Oil and Diesel 1 595 589 589 824 518 424
4.1% 1.3% 1.3% 0.5% 0.3% 0.2%
Natural Gas 31 591 591 269 100 65
0.1% 1.3% 1.3% 0.1% <0.1% <0.1%
Nuclear 675 0 0 4 322 0 0
1.7% 0.0% 0.0% 2.4% 0.0% 0.0%
Biomass 278 245 275 646 2 053 2 093
0.7% 0.5% 0.6% 0.4% 1.0% 1.0%
Wind 207 3 262 3 549 416 8 938 7 360
0.5% 7.3% 7.8% 0.2% 4.3% 3.6%
Hydro 36 473 40 212 40 397 173 356 194 540 197 243
92.9% 89.6% 89.0% 96.4% 94.4% 95.2%
All renewable sources 36 958 43 719 44 222 174 418 205 531 206 696
94.1% 97.4% 97.4% 97.0% 99.7% 99.8%
All sources 39 259 44 899 45 402 179 832 206 149 207 184

Residential Bills and Greenhouse Gas Generation Intensity

Quebec’s largest city, Montreal, has the lowest residential electricity bill in Canada, at $72 for 1 000 kW.h compared to the Canadian mean of $129 per 1 000 kW.h. Quebec’s GHG generation intensity is also the lowest in Canada, emitting 1.2 grams of GHGs per kW.h compared to the mean of 140 g GHG/kW.h.

FIGURE 18

FIGURE 18

Source and Description

Source:
Hydro-Québec, National Inventory Report

Description:
Two dials indicate the monthly residential electricity bill for 1 000 kW.h and the GHG generation intensity in grams of GHG per kW.h. Quebec’s largest city, Montreal, has the lowest residential electricity bill in Canada, at $72 for 1 000 kW.h compared to the Canadian mean of $129 per 1 000 kW.h. Quebec’s GHG generation intensity is also the lowest in Canada, emitting 1.2 grams of GHGs per kW.h compared to the mean of 140 g GHG/kW.h.

 

 

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